10 Things To Do After Installing CentOS

10 things to do after installing centos

CentOS is a community-driven free Linux Distribution which happens to be a very capable alternative to Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It is derived from  Red Hat Enterprise Linux sources. After installing CentOS 7, you may go ahead and start using the OS, but there are many things we can do to the new core system to get the most out of it. Most of these are also applicable to Red Hat Enterprise Linux since CentOS shares most of its features with it.

So let us look at “ 10 Things to Do After Installing CentOS 7” that you may consider doing to get your server ready. This is not a comprehensive list but hopefully will be quite helpful in setting up your new server.

1. Configure the static ip on the server

The first thing we will do is to configure Static IP address, Route and DNS to the CentOS Server. We will be using ip command the replacement of ifconfig command.
Edit the interface file under /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ directory:
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth016
IPADDR = “[Enter your static IP here]”
GATEWAY = “[Enter your Default Gateway]”
DNS1 = “[Your Domain Name System 1]”
DNS2 = “[Your Domain Name System 2]”

# systemctl stop NetworkManager        --------->stop NetworkManager
# systemctl disable NetworkManager        --------->not needed on server

# service network restart            --------->restart network service

2. Update the kernel & Upgrade CentOS

We will then go ahead and update our already installed packages to the latest versions as well as install the latest security updates.
yum update kernel
yum update && yum upgrade

3. Set Hostname of Server

We will then set a Hostname for our server.
# echo $HOSTNAME ———>check current HOSTNAME
# vi /etc/hostname ` ———>edit and replace old
hostname with your own # echo $HOSTNAME ———>logout and login again

4. ​Install Command Line Web Browser

If you have no GUI installed, you will need a command line based web browser to browse the internet via terminal. For this, we will either one of two tools ‘links‘ or ‘elinks’.

# yum install links
Or
# yum install elinks

5. Install wget & 7-zip

wget is a Linux command line based tool that retrieves (downloads) content from web servers. It is an important tool you must have to retrieve web contents or download any files using wget command. 7-zip is also a utility which allows us to compress and extract files of all known types. Install 7-zip with the following command.
yum install wget
yum install p7zip

6. Install GCC & Java ​

GCC stands for GNU Compiler Collection is a compiler system developed by GNU Project that supports various programming languages. Java is a general purpose class-based, object-oriented Programming language. Install GCC and Jaca with the following command.
yum install gcc
yum install java

7. Install Rootkit Hunter

Rootkit Hunter is an application that scan rootkits and other potentially harmful exploits in Linux systems. Install Rootkit Hunter with the following command.

yum install rkhunter

8. Install Apache HTTP Server

No matter for what purpose you will be using the server, in most of the cases you need an HTTP server to run websites, multimedia, client-side script, and many other things. Run the following commands to install and set up your Apache HTTP Server.
# yum install httpd
# firewall-cmd --add-service=http
# firewall-cmd --reload
# systemctl restart httpd.service
# systemctl start httpd.service
# systemctl enable httpd.service

9. Install PHP

PHP is a very popular server-side scripting language for web based services. It is also used as general-purpose programming language. Run the following command to install PHP​.

# yum install php
# systemctl restart httpd.service

10. Enable iptables

There will be soon a separate article on how to setup iptables. Sorry! 🙂

Conclusion

So in conclusion, these are a few things you can do to get your system running in top shape. We have tried to cover quite a few different areas and if you find that we’ve left out some other key things needed, you can share them in the comments below.

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