How To Automatically Change GNOME Background In Intervals Using BASH

AUTOMATICALLY CHANGE GNOME BACKGROUND IN INTERVALS USING BASH

Have you ever wanted to have that automatic background switching the feature on your GNOME Linux distro? I missed that feature after I switched from Cinnamon to GNOME 🙁 Searched for apps in the software center and alas there is none that I could find. However, today I’m happy to let you know that there is a workaround to this missing feature through the use of BASH scripting language.

Requirement

Not much, all you need is a text editor to edit some lines of code on the script file. And the ability to create and save text files. That’s it 🙂 In case you are a programmer, I’ve left out comments (documented the code) in the script so you can understand it.

Step 1: Create the script file

Open your favorite text editor program and save the file as .change_wallpapers on your home directory.

create bash script file

Notice the dot (.) prefixed to the file name. We want that file hidden so it’s important to prefix it with a dot before the file name.
​
Then copy & paste the below script to your newly created script file.
#!/bin/bash
# script to set random background wallpapers on my GNOME desktop
# set base path
export wallpaper_path=
shopt -s nullglob
# store all the image file names in wallpapers array
wallpapers=(
    $wallpaper_path/*.jpg
    $wallpaper_path/*.jpeg
    $wallpaper_path/*.png
    $wallpaper_path/*.bmp
    $wallpaper_path/*.svg
)
# get array size
wallpapers_size=${#wallpapers[*]}

Step 2: Modifying the script

​You have to enter your own custom path on the environment variable wallpaper_path. For instance, if your wallpaper (or picture) directory is in /home/abc/Pictures/Wallpapers you would have to modify that line:export wallpaper_path=<your wallpaper folder path>to

export wallpaper_path=/home/abc/Pictures/WallpapersMoreover, I’ve added the most common image file extensions on the array variable wallpapers. But your preferred image file format might have been missed out. Maybe your images are in the format TIFF or something else. Make sure you add those missing extensions yourself. For instance, if I want to add support for tif, I’ll have to add this statement just below

$wallpaper_path/*.svg line as in:
$wallpaper_path/*.svg $wallpaper_path/*.tif

Step 3: Choose one of the below two options

Choose only one of them… and skip the other. Otherwise, you’ll run into issues.
​
The first option is if you want your wallpaper to change in sequential order ie., starting from the first image and continuing to the last. And then repeat the same process over and over. So you are not stuck with the last image when the loop runs out. Copy & paste the below code on the last line of your script file.

Change background in sequential order

# set wallpapers in incremental order
index=0
while [ $index -lt $wallpapers_size ]
do
    gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri ${wallpapers[$index]}
    # index is maxing out, so reset it
    if [ $(($index+1)) -eq $wallpapers_size ]
    then
        index=0
    else
        index=$(($index + 1))
    fi
    # keep the wallpaper for the specified time
    sleep 15m
done

set wallpaper automatically script

Change background in random order

If you prefer randomization over sequential order where your wallpapers are displayed randomly. Copy & paste the below code on the last line of your script file.
# set random wallpapers
# loop infinitely
while true
do
    # generate random index
    random_index=$(($RANDOM % $wallpapers_size))
    # then set a random wallpaper
    gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri ${wallpapers[$random_index]}
    # keep the wallpaper for the specified time
    sleep 15m
done

bash script gnome wallpaper

Step 4: Finishing up

Your .change_wallpapers script is done. Now there is only one thing left to do; starting that script when you log in.

​For that, we have to append some code on your .profile file to start that script. If you still you have your text editor opened, launch your .profile file and copy these four lines of code on the last line.

# start my custom script for setting random background wallpapers
if [ -f "$HOME/.change_wallpapers" ] ; then
    bash $HOME/.change_wallpapers &
fi
In case you couldn’t find your hidden file .profile on the open dialog box, press CTRL + H to show all the hidden files.

save bash script

Later, you can press the same key combination to disable showing hidden files and folders from your file manager program.

After you are done, either reboot or re-login your session for the script to come into effect.

Conclusion

I hope you have found this tutorial simple and easy to follow. And successfully got your script working 🙂 Let me know your experience in the comment section below. By the way, if you ever want to disable this automatic background switching script in the future, all you have to do is delete that .change_wallpapers script file and remove those additional four lines on your .profile file.

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