LinuxAndUbuntu Review Of TrueOS A Unix Based OS

LinuxAndUbuntu Review Of TrueOS A Unix Based OS

​Trust me, the name TrueOS takes me back to 1990s when Tru64 UNIX operating system made its presence. TrueOS is PC-BSD’s new unified brand built upon FreeBSD-CURRENT code base. Note that TrueOS is not a Linux distro but is BSD Unix.
​FreeBSD is known for its cutting-edge features, security, scalability, and ability to work both as a server and desktop operating system.  TrueOS aims at having user-friendliness with the power of FreeBSD OS. Let us start with going into details of different aspects of the TrueOS.

TrueOS Features At A Glance

Current Release
TrueOS 17.12 Stable released on 14th Dec 2017
First Release
2006
Based on
​Customized FreeBSD-CURRENT
Platform Support
​amd64 and arm7
Kernel  Version
​12.0-CURRENT FreeBSD
Genre/Known For
​Easy “Bleeding Edge” FreeBSD for Desktops, Servers, and Embedded devices
Default Desktop Theme
​Lumina
Package Manager
​FreeBSD Ports/Packages, .tar.xz package format
Forum Support
System Requirements for hard drive installation
​Minimum:

  • 64-bit CPU
  • 1 GB RAM
  • 20 GB hard disk space

Recommended::

  • 64-bit CPU
  • 4 GB RAM
  • 50 GB hard disk space
  • 3D accelerated video card
Download Page

TrueOS History

TrueOS was founded by Kris Moore in 2005 with name PC-BSD.  Initial version focused to make FreeBSD easy to use starting with providing GUI based installer (to relatively complicated FreeBSD installer). In the year 2006, PC-BSD was acquired by iXsystems. Before rebranding as TrueOS in Sept 2016, PC-BSD reached a stage starting considering better than vanilla FreeBSD.  Older PC-BSD version used to support both x86 and x86-64 architecture.
trueos a bsd unix operating system

Kris Moore, the developer founder, says about rebranding: “We’ve already been using TrueOS for the server side of PC-BSD, and it made sense to unify the names. PC-BSD doesn’t reflect server or embedded well. TrueOS Desktop/Server/Embedded can be real products, avoids some of the alphabet soup, and gives us a more catchy name.”

How to install TrueOS?

TrueOS installs on systems containing a 64-bit (amd64) processor. The installer is GUI based, easy to understand tool with customization options.  The download page contains both stable and unstable versions. The size of 17.12 stable release 2.8 GB.  Once the system boots, it displays the initial boot menu as follows:
trueos multi user boot menu

​As the default option, it automatically boots into the Boot Multi User option, displaying Language selection screen:
trueos installation setup language selection

​There is an option to use configuration saved from the previous installation. On the bottom left of the Language Selection screen, several icons are present to help with the installation.  Clicking on Next button takes to System Selection screen which allows user to choose desktop (default), server or restore options as follows:
trueos installation type

​Clicking Next button will take you to install TrueOS Desktop.  The installer allows choosing graphics driver. The installer will automatically detect the onboard graphics drivers.
trueos optional installation packages nvidia

​Clicking Next button will take to Disk selection screen:
trueos installation disk partitioning

trueos disk partitioning

​Clicking on “Customize Disk Settings” takes the user to basic and advanced disk setup process as follows:
trueos installation disk customization

​Basic disk partition screen:
select disk install trueos bsd

​Choosing Advanced disk partition screen:
trueos disk setup advanced mode

​Advanced disk partition screen:
trueos advanced disk setup

​After disk setup screen, the installation process will be started by a progress screen as follows:
trueos installation process started

​It took 18 minutes for desktop installation on Virtual machine. Once the installation is completed,  a screen asking to reboot the machine appeared as follows.
trueos installation finished

​After clicking “Finish” button, TrueOS started with below boot options screen:
trueos configure boot options

​TrueOS uses X.org drivers for graphics support. TrueOS automatically detected the optimal video settings for supported video drivers.
setup trueos video card

​The setup process started after presenting language selection screen as follows:
trueos select language

​A screen with time zone selection option along with system hostname and domain got displayed:
trueos fill hostname select timezone

​User account creation screen as below:
create user account in trueos

​Audio configuration screen appeared as follows:
trueos configure audio input

​And the last step in the setup process is to configure optional services like IPV6, SSH etc.
trueos configure ssh ipv6 verbose boot

trueos setup completed

​After finish, login screen appeared as follows:
trueos login screen

​The desktop environment defaulted to Lumia IDE.  The other option appeared is Fluxbox.
trueos select desktop environment

​And finally the TrueOS desktop appeared with its vibrant logo as follows:
trueos desktop

​Good work done by the TrueOS development team for making the TrueOS a true easy avatar of FreeBSD.

TrueOS First Impression

​The startup is little longer; may be due to starting up of many services.  The heavy KDE well suited to PC-BSD.  The C++/Qt5 based Lumina desktop environment is light and fast.  The Lumina offers an easy way to configure menu and panels.  I did not face any problems for continuous use of two weeks on a virtual machine having the minimal configuration: 1 GB RAM, 20 GB hard disk and Intel 3.06 GHz i3 processor. The Lumina desktop is light and fast. The developers of Lumina know what they are doing and have a good idea of what makes a good IDE.  As it happens with any new desktop environment, it needs some time to settle.  Let us hope that they keep to the path they are on with it.
trueos lumina desktop information

trueos right click menu

​The TrueOS kernel version shown as 12.0 FreeBSD CURRENT.
trueos linux kernel version

Key Observations

TrueOS uses OpenRC init system to manage system services. This is one of the differences between FreeBSD and TrueOS.
trueos uses openrc init

Lumina desktop displays interesting and inspiring quotes while it is starting.  Good job Lumina team!
trueos finalizing os

TrueOS is armed with enterprise-grade file system – ZFS that has features like support for high storage capacities, reliability, trouble-free upgrades, RAID controller etc.The TrueOS offers full disk encryption with Geli utility with PersonaCrypt security feature.

TrueOS is a customized installation of FreeBSD rather than a forked one ensuring stable FreeBSD intack inside.

It uses LibreSSL which is a better alternative to OpenSSL.
TrueOS Pico is a new initiative to connect ARM device (Raspberry Pi) thin client to single TrueOS system.

System Adm

​TrueOS comes with powerful system management API called System Adm.  This API enables administrators to manage TrueOS systems remotely from a system.

Control Panel

​Control Panel acts as a single place where user can carry out day to day activities.
sysadm control

AppCafe

​AppCafe is easy to use GUI based application manager that allows user to manage FreeBSD packages.  It comes with a search feature that allows user to search a particular application.  It has the ability to group applications into categories.

Update Manager

​Update manager helps user to keep the TrueOS system updated to the latest release. User can schedule/configure automatic updating too.
sysadm update manager

Life Preserver

​The Life Preserver allows user to save snapshots of the running TrueOS system.  User can install TrueOS with this saved snapshot.  What a nice feature!
trueos life preserver control panel

Task Manager

​The Task Manager provides nice graphical view of running processes and usage of system resources.
trueos task manager

Windows Emulation with Wine

​Wine allows emulating Windows environment on Unix-like systems.  It can be installed using AppCafe. One can start Wine using winecfg on terminal, after successful installation of Wine.  Below screenshots capture installing Wine and running Windows Explorer application.
sysadm appcafe

wine configuration in trueos bsd unix

wine windows file manager

Lumina Screensavers (xscreensaver)

​Lumina screensavers are refreshing and different.  Here are some of the snapshots –

Development Tools

​TrueOS comes with a pre-installed set of development utilities and compilers like Qt 5 (Assistant, Designer, Linguist), clang, boost, git, sqlite3, PERL, Python, curl etc. to name a few.
development tools in trueos

trueos development programming tools

Conclusion

​The TrueOS is impressive when consider it as relatively young.  It is a daring step that TrueOS developers took FreeBSD Current rather than FreeBSD Stable code base. Overall it has created its own place from the legacy shadow of PC-BSD.  Starting with easy installation TrueOS is a good combination of software and utilities that make the system ready to use. Go and get a TrueOS ISO to unleash the “bleeding edge” tag of FreeBSD.

About the author

​Ramakrishna Jujare is a post graduate in Computer Applications and loves to code, review Linux distros, open-source software and write how-to articles.  In free time, he enjoys nature and music.

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