One of the most important things for any user is the security, if a user is running a vulnerable system, his information is in danger. If you want to have your information insured, you must do more than having a strong operating system, you must encrypt your files.
There are a lot of software to encrypt files, but we’re in Linux. In this article, you’re going to know the most popular and secure ways to encrypt your information.
GNU Privacy Guard
GNU Privacy Guard, most known as GPG is an implementation of OpenPGP standard. It has capabilities to encrypt and sign your data and communication, also it features a versatile key management system as well as access modules for all kinds of public key directories. It’s a command line tool, so if you’re looking for something with a GUI GPG isn’t your solution, but you can use another tool powered by GPG and featuring a graphical user interface.
How to use GnuPG?
The first thing that you must do before use GPG is to install it. GnuPG is available for any operating system, even you can use it on Mac OSX or Windows.
Some Linux distros have GnuPG installed by default, but if your distro doesn’t have it installed you can get it through the package manager or compiling it from its source code.
Also, you should read the “mini-Howto” about GPG.
GnuPG mini-Howto: http://www.dewinter.com/gnupg_howto/english/GPGMiniHowto.htm
I have created a file called “new.file” and I want to cipher it, so I have to use gpg as the following way -
You can see that now I have the encrypted file “new.file.gpg” and if I want to see its content without decode it, I can’t do it.
If a file is encrypted, any user can see its content only if he knows the password. So I’m going to decrypt it using the following command:
This is not the best way to encrypt a file because it’s based on the use of a symmetric key. GPG has a better way to encrypt using asymmetric keys, you should read the complete documentation about Gnu Privacy Guard.
I think that GnuPG is the best way to encrypt files in Linux for three reasons:
If you don’t like GnuPG or maybe you think that it is very complex, you can other alternatives.
ccrypy is a replacement of UNIX crypt, it can encrypt files and streams and also it is supported by emacs to read encrypted files. ccrypt is based on the Rijndael block cipher.
It has the advantage that is supported by several operating systems:
Encrypt through compressed files
Another way to encrypt files is making a compressed file with a password. There are a lot of tools to decrypt a compressed file without know the password, but it is very difficult for most users.
If you want to encrypt your files using this way you have several options:
It’s one of the most popular formats to compress files and also you can use it to keep save your information, just use the following command:
$ zip --password ********** file.zip files-to-add.ext
Also, you can use 7-zip if you want, but you must have installed the p7zip-full package on your system.
$ 7za a -tzip -p -mem=AES256 file.zip files-to-add.ext
Other Tools to encrypt files
I think that the best way to encrypt files in Linux is GnuPG, but if you don’t like it or maybe don’t like any of the previous alternatives, you should see the following two tools:
Finally, I want to say you that the file encryption is a very important process because the security of your files is the most important, but remember any user needs more than an encryption tool to keep safe his files.