What Is Tor Browser? How To Install And Setup Tor In Linux?

What Is Tor Browser? How To Install And Setup Tor In Linux?

Tor is a free software that helps to many users to keep their privacy safe on the Internet. When you are surfing the web, your privacy is very weak and your data are vulnerable. It is because many websites get data from you using cookies or scripts (javascript).
Also, Tor is a network, it’s a group of volunteer-operated servers that allows people to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. Tor’s users employ this network by connecting through a series of virtual tunnels rather than making a direct connection, thus allowing both organizations and individuals to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy. The Tor Browser is a preconfigured web browser to surfing through the Tor network, it’s more secure because it has deactivated javascript by default. Tor isn’t just a tool to improve your privacy, if you use it, you will be able to have access to hidden websites in a low network level called “deep web”.

Tor can’t solve all anonymity problems. It focuses only on protecting the transport of data. You need to use protocol-specific support software if you don’t want the sites you visit to see your identifying information. For example, you can use Tor Browser while browsing the web to withhold some information about your computer’s configuration.

Also, to protect your anonymity, be smart. Don’t provide your name or other revealing information in web forms. Be aware that, like all anonymizing networks that are fast enough for web browsing, Tor does not provide protection against end-to-end timing attacks: If your attacker can watch the traffic coming out of your computer, and also the traffic arriving at your chosen destination, he can use statistical analysis to discover that they are part of the same circuit.

How To Setup Tor On Linux?

If you want to use Tor on your Linux system you have many options:

  1. You can download Tails and install it on a USB: https://tails.boum.org/
  2. Download Tor Browser for Linux and launch it: https://www.torproject.org/download/download-easy.html.en
  3. Search Tor Browser for your system:
    1. https://www.torproject.org/docs/debian (Ubuntu / Debian)
    2. https://www.torproject.org/docs/rpms.html.en (Fedora / CentOS)
  4. Install Tor from source: https://www.torproject.org/docs/tor-doc-unix.html.en

Option 1- Install Tor On Debian

# apt-get install tor

Option 2 – Install Tor On Debian (Latest Tor version For Jessie)

Add the following entry in /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org jessie main
deb-src http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org jessie main
Add the gpg key used to sing the packages, type the following commands:
# gpg –keyserver keys.gnupg.net –recv A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89
# gpg –export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | sudo apt-key add –
Update local repositories –
# apt-get update
Install Tor –
# apt-get install tor deb.torproject.org-keyring
Find more information at: https://www.torproject.org/docs/debian

Lauching Tor Browser

Tor Browser lets you use Tor on Windows, Mac OS X, or Linux without needing to install any software. It can run off a USB flash drive, comes with a pre-configured web browser to protect your anonymity, and is self-contained (portable).
launch tor browser

Connecting to Tor Network
connecting to tor browser

Tor Browser is ready
tor browser is running

Torify

If you want to configure an specific application for use with Tor and thus the Tor network, you must check the Torify documentation at: https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/wiki/doc/TorifyHOWTOFor applications that support neither SOCKS nor HTTP, take a look at torsocks or socat.

torsocks: https://gitweb.torproject.org/torsocks.git/
socat: http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/

Conclusion

Tor is a great software that helps you to keep safe your privacy, and it has more capabilities, for example: if you want to visit and onion domain using just a simple web browser, you can’t do it; but if you’re using Tor, you can visit any website, even an onion domain.Also, you could be interested in another Tor related software:

Visit Tor project

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