It’s fun to code, and if you do it well, you can be a good developer. Nowadays, people are turning toward programming, and they are successfully building great applications. In this post, I will give Linux users a list of the 8 Best Linux IDE or code editors that help developers in programming great applications in Linux quickly and easily.
IDEs are very important when developing any application. It can ease the work by providing tons of handy features. The following list of 8 Best Linux code editors or text editors includes great text editors for developers that provide features like plugins to have additional functionalities, auto-complete that complete tags, classes, and even the snippets of code without having to type it.
Arguably, there are several other Linux IDEs available, but I am mentioning only 8 to make this article short. If you use any other IDE on your distro for your regular development, please let me know in the comment section below. Also, don’t forget to take a poll at the end of this article. In the poll, you can tell us which one you like the most out of the following 8 IDEs.
Best Linux IDEs Or Code Editors
8. Bluefish Editor
Let me start with the #10 on my list. It’s Bluefish Editor. If you are a web developer, then Bluefish editor can be a good choice. It supports many advanced features such as auto-completion of tags, auto-indentation, powerful search & replaces, and integration of external programs such as make, lint, weblint, etc.
Bluefish supports more than HTML & CSS. It has support for the following languages as well.
- ASP .NET and VBS
- gettext PO
- Google Go
- HTML, XHTML and HTML5
- Java and JSP
You can see the full list of features and supported languages on the official website here.
The things that I wish I had in Bluefish were the ability to edit multiple lines simultaneously. I also want to work with multiple languages within a document that the Bluefish editor does not support. So when I select Ruby, it disables the support for HTML & CSS, which are necessary to build any web application using frameworks such as Ruby on Rails.
How To Install Bluefish Editor In Linux?
Add the following PPA in Ubuntu or other Ubuntu-based distros to install Bluefish editor.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:klaus-vormweg/bluefishsudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install bluefish
Geany is a lightweight IDE, and it supports all major languages. Geany aims to provide a simple and fast development environment. It has all basic features such as auto-indent, syntax highlighting, auto-complete code or snippets, etc.
Geany is clean and provides a larger space to work in. So if you want a lightweight and pretty basic Linux IDE for your development, go with Geany.
Geany 0.12 has a basic plugin system. Yes, it’s basic. Unlike other IDEs that I will mention in this list, the Geany plugin is a basic system. It comes with some plugins installed that are –
- Classbuilder – Creates source files for new class types
- Export – Exports the current file into different formats
- Filebrowser – Adds a file browser tab to the sidebar
- HTML Characters – Inserts HTML character entities like ‘&’
- Save Actions – Provides different actions related to saving files (autosave, instantsave, backupcopy)
- Split Window – Splits the editor view into two windows
There is a list of plugins for Geany that you can get here. You can know there how you can get new plugins.
You can see the complete list of features on their official page.
Geany is already available in the default repository of most Linux distributions. So you can use the package manager to install Geany. The current Geany version is v1.26, but in Ubuntu, v1.25 is available. So you can install Geany v1.25 using apt. If you want to install the latest version, download the .tar file and compile the package yourself.
sudo apt-get install geany
It is a very simple and small IDE, but it can be customized to fit your working environment by installing plugins and configuring existing settings. Gedit does not provide the easiest way to install plugins (like a search engine for searching plugins), but you can download them and then install them manually. It’s not a review, so I can not mention how-tos here. You can search for Gedit plugins in Google, which will give you instructions to install them.
How To Install Gedit In Linux?
Gedit is already installed in Ubuntu, and it is available in all major distributions’ default repositories. So use your distribution’s package manager to install Gedit.
If you use Kubuntu, then you would have used KATE. It’s the text editors that come pre-installed with Kubuntu, popular Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. KATE is a lightweight and fast text editor, and it can open multiple files simultaneously.
KATE is a simple yet powerful IDE. It supports a great number of languages and auto-detect the language sets the indentation for a document automatically. A programmer can split the window to work with multiple documents simultaneously. KATE has embedded terminal, SQL plugin, Find & replace, session support, syntax highlighting, smart comment and uncomment handling, bracket matching; KATE takes backup automatically so, in case of crash or unexpected shutdown, your work doesn’t get lost.
You can look at the complete list of features in KATE on the default page here.
KATE is already in the default repository of most Linux distributions. So you can use your distribution package manager to install KATE. Here is how you can install KATE in Ubuntu or Ubuntu-based Linux distributions. sudo apt-get install kate
Now from here, the IDEs are even more advanced and robust. Let me start with a prevalent one, Eclipse. Eclipse is mostly written in JAVA, and it is primarily used for developing JAVA applications. But, we can extend language support by installing plugins.
Eclipse SDK(Software Development Kit) is free and open-source, and it includes Java Development tools for Java developers.
How To Install Eclipse In Linux?
Download Eclipse for your Linux distribution from their official website. It’s a compressed file, uncompress it and run ‘eclipse-inst’ to run the installer.
Brackets is the IDE developed by Adobe developers. It is the IDE for you if you’re a web designer. There are several awesome features in Brackets that make it stand out. Brackets support plugins to extend functionalities, and installing plugins is really easy. Just click the third ICON from the top right sidebar, and it will pop up a window showing you popular plugins. You can click install to install any plugin, and you can also search for any specific plugin.
Besides all the basic features such as auto-indentation, auto-completion, and code highlighting, Brackets has advanced features that help you while editing web pages and working with CSS. Some of these features are Inline editing, Editor splitting, plugins, and many more.
The inline editing allows you to edit CSS without moving to a CSS file. To edit CSS of any id or class, select that line and press CTRL + E. It opens up the window with the CSS associated with that ID.
If you’re using Brackets, you will no longer require your browser to inspect tools to inspect the code. Instead, you can use the Brackets Live Preview feature to show your changes live in the window. To use this feature, go to the menu >> File and click Live Preview.
Brackets has tons of plugins available that provide additional functionalities to Brackets. If you’re working with JS, for example, then you can install a plugin that helps you with JS code. Sometimes you also require creating a PDF of the code then installing a plugin that does so. You can add hundreds of other features by adding plugins. Brackets is always adding new plugins to their database. Here are some of the popular Brackets Plugins –Emmet High-speed HTML and CSS workflow.
File Icons File icons in Brackets’ file tree.
Indent Guides Show indent guides in the code editor.
Git Git integration for Brackets.
Autoprefixer Parse CSS and add vendor prefixes automatically.
W3C Validation Simple W3C Validator.
How To Install Brackets In Linux?
You can download Brackets latest version from the official website and install it.
When you first install and open Atom, then it gives you a Welcome Guide. The guide gives you the way to explore Atom and getting familiar with it very quickly. Start with opening a project in the guide and go through everyone. Install Packages, i.e., plugins, install themes, and customize Styling.
Atom is from Github, so it takes care of most of the things that every developer wishes to have by default in an IDE. Developers’ tools is one of them. You can have browsers’ inspect element tools within Atom; no more need to open the web browser.
Github develops atom, so it comes with full Github support and integration. You can directly open a project/file on Github in the browser. It also comes with Markdown syntax that supports live preview in the browser.
Atom devs slogans it a complete hackable IDE of the 21st century. So you can explore Atom’s easy-to-use configuration to customize it deeply.
The one that wins the list is obviously, Sublime Text. The lightest of all and feature-rich IDE used by professional programmers. Besides all the basic features, Sublime has the most powerful features that let programmers do coding really fast.
Sublime has so many powerful features that require another article to be mentioned. In this small intro, I can only mention some of its features that will surely attract you toward it. Well, don’t worry about code highlighting, auto-indent, auto-completion, and all basic features; Sublime has all of them packed.
Starting with a simple but beneficial feature of Sublime and it’s called Minimap. Minimap is the zoomed view of the entire file that you’re working in that works as a visual scrollbar in Sublime. You can see the entire code and guess where you want to move in the code and click that area, and sublime will take you to that space in the editor.
Wide Range Of Keyboard Shortcuts
Programming means typing, typing, and typing, then why touch the mouse. It saves a huge amount of time if you depend only on the keyboard when you’re programming, and Sublime helps you do so by providing a cluster of customizable keyboard shortcuts. The shortcut I like the most is Ctrl + P. It allows me to search for files within the working directory right from my editor while I’m coding. It also allows me to search code in the current file by prefixing my search term with @. For example, I want to search the ‘article’ variable in the current file; then, I can use CTRL + P and search ‘@article’.
Powerful Multi-Select Feature
If you use this feature once, then you’ll be a fan of Sublime. Sublime allows you to edit multiple lines all at once. Don’t believe it? But that’s true. Put your cursor in one line and then hold CTRL, and with the mouse, put the cursor in another line, and one more cursor will appear; now typing anything will be written in both the lines. In the same way, you can choose as many lines as you want and edit them all at once. There are many ways to multi-edit code in sublime, one of which is CTRL + D. Put your cursor on a word and press CTRL + D and see it will select the word for you. If you want to edit multiple words, put cursors in each word and finally use CTRL + D to select them all.
Create Your Own Snippets
Approx in every program written in any language, you have to repeat some lines of code multiple times. To deal with it, Sublime has a nice and handy feature called Snippet. You can create a new snippet from Menu >> Tools >> New Snippet. In between <snippet> tags, put your code and save the file in the user directory of Sublime. Now, whenever you need to code that snippet, type the name of that snippet you saved and remember the name is the filename. In my case, my login form snippet name is log in.
Sublime has much more…
There is much more advanced in Sublime. You can start using it right away to explore more advanced features of Sublime. Once you get familiar with it, coding will be fun, easy, and fast.
How To Install Sublime In Linux?
Currently, the latest stable is Sublime text 2, but Sublime Text 3 is also available, which is in Beta state. For Sublime Text 3
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/sublime-text-3
For Sublime Text 2
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/sublime-text-2 sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install sublime-text-installer
So finally, what is your favorite IDE for Linux? All the above IDEs (Integrated Development Environments) are for both new and professional programmers. Tell me what you like the most as a new & pro programmer in your favorite IDE, and if you’re using any other IDE, please let us know in the comments below.