Debian is one of the most important Linux distributions for the Linux community. Most popular Linux distros are based on Debian, including Ubuntu that most of us use.
Debian team has released the most awaited release — Debian 10 “Buster”. It came up after 25 months of development. Because of such a long time development, over 62% of packages have received updated versions and include over 13370 new packages in the repositories.
What is new in Debian 10 “Buster”
As always in this release also, the team has focused on making the Linux distro usable for everyone. So there are some important changes that users need to know about.
With this broad selection of packages and its traditional wide architecture support, Debian once again stays true to its goal of being the universal operating system.from release note
Buster ships with multiple desktop environments. No matter which popular desktop environment you use, buster will not disappoint you. It includes the latest versions of desktop environments.
Debian 10 “Buster” Desktop Environments
- GNOME 3.30
- Cinnamon 3.8
- LXDE 0.99.2
- MATE 1.20
- KDE Plasma 5.14
- LXQt 0.14
- XFCE 4.12
Wayland Default Display Server For GNOME
Starting from Debian 10, Wayland is the default display server instead of Xorg for GNOME. Though, the option to use Xorg is still available so that you can use all those applications that do not support Wayland.
UEFI Secure Boot Support
UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) Secure Boot prevents installing unsigned code. So most UEFI Secure Boot enabled devices face trouble installing several Linux distros, including Debian. But now, Debian 10 can be installed on most of the Secure boot enabled devices, making it much easier for desktop users to jump on.
For more information on Secure Boot, visit the Debian official wiki page for Secure boot.
AppArmor enabled by default
AppArmor is an access control framework that controls the capabilities of applications. The framework is now enabled by default on the buster release.
Optional hardening of APT
HTTP and HTTPS methods provided by APT (except for cdrom, gpgv, and rsh) can make use of seccomp-BPF sandboxing supplied by the Linux kernel. The sandboxing comes installed by default but needs to be enabled.
Debian 10 “Buster” comes preinstalled with cups and cups-filters, which lets users seamlessly use printers without installing additional drivers.
Buster supports 10 system architectures
- 32-bit PC (
i386) and 64-bit PC (
- 64-bit ARM (
- ARM EABI (
- ARMv7 (EABI hard-float ABI,
- MIPS (
- 64-bit little-endian MIPS (
- 64-bit little-endian PowerPC (
- IBM System z (
And Many others
So these were some big highlights from the newly released Debian 10 “Buster”. You can read the release note for the complete list of changes in Debian 10.
The best way to know all the features is by trying it yourself—download Debian 10 live USB image. You can install it using the Calamares installer or standard Debian installer.
I downloaded and installed Debian Buster Mate, using the graphical installer. Things went well, it is standard Debian, lean looking and fast. My only comment is 2.4 gigs, without many applications. Must be a lot under the hood!
Exactly. There is so much to explore in Debian 10. You’ll definitely love it.