LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB, and PHP or Perl or Python. If you are using Manjaro, you can easily install LAMP on Manjaro.
Manjaro is one of the cleanest Linux distributions available. If you are using Manjaro for web development, you can easily install LAMP on Manjaro Linux. All the required packages are already available in the default repositories.
Install LAMP On Manjaro
Before installing any package, update the system using pacman.
sudo pacman -Syu
The above command will ask for the sudo password, enter the password, and it’ll check for any available updates.
Next, install Apache. Apache is the most popular web server, and its extensive documentation helps new users configure it easily. Currently, Apache’s latest stable version is v2.4.46, which is available in the Manjaro repository.
One can either fire up the GUI software installer and search for ‘apache’ to install it or use the CLI package manager ‘pacman’ command.
Or use the CLI to install Apache –
sudo pacman -S apache
It’s just a small package and will be installed in a few seconds. Once the installation has been completed, open the Apache configuration file that exists on
/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and comment out the following line –
# LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
GUI text editor - mousepad sudo mousepad /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf CLI text editor - nano sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
Please save the file, and that is it. We can now enable and start the apache server by using the following command –
sudo systemctl enable httpd sudo systemctl restart httpd
Once done, confirm it by checking service status or by visiting the
http://localhost in the browser. If it shows the following page, it means the server is up and running completely fine.
sudo systemctl status httpd
By default, the server will serve files in the browser located at ‘/srv/http’. You can change it from the server configuration file or leave it as it is for ease of use. For more information, check out the Apache newcomers guide.
MariaDB is the default implementation of MySQL in Arch Linux. To install MariaDB, use the following command –
sudo pacman -S mysql
The installation will prompt you to choose the provider for MySQL. Hit enter to choose the default repository, i.e., MariaDB.
[[email protected] http]$ sudo pacman -S mysql :: There are 2 providers available for mysql: :: Repository extra 1) mariadb :: Repository community 2) percona-server Enter a number (default=1):
Next, press enter to confirm the installation.
[[email protected] http]$ sudo pacman -S mysql :: There are 2 providers available for mysql: :: Repository extra 1) mariadb :: Repository community 2) percona-server Enter a number (default=1): resolving dependencies... looking for conflicting packages... Packages (1) mariadb-10.5.5-2 Total Installed Size: 234.53 MiB :: Proceed with installation? [Y/n]
The installation may take 10 to 20 seconds, depending on your internet speed. Once completed, begin by initializing the MariaDB data directory using the following command –
sudo mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql
And that is it. MariaDB is installed on Manjaro. Let’s enable and start it by using the following commands –
sudo systemctl enable mysqld sudo systemctl restart mysqld
Confirm the installation by checking the service status –
sudo systemctl status mysqld
Desired output –
[[email protected] http]$ sudo systemctl status mysqld ● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.5.5 database server Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: active (running) since Sun 2020-10-04 12:51:42 IST; 1min 2s ago Docs: man:mariadbd(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Process: 13481 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_START_POSITION (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Process: 13482 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c [ ! -e /usr/bin/galera_recovery ] && VAR= || VAR=`cd /usr/bin/..; /usr/bin/galer> Process: 13508 ExecStartPost=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_START_POSITION (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 13491 (mariadbd) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 9 (limit: 9446) Memory: 78.3M CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service └─13491 /usr/bin/mariadbd Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] InnoDB: File './ibtmp1' size is now 12 MB. Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] InnoDB: 10.5.5 started; log sequence number 4062669; tr> Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] InnoDB: Loading buffer pool(s) from /var/lib/mysql/ib_b> Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '::'. Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] InnoDB: Buffer pool(s) load completed at 201004 12:51:42 Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] Reading of all Master_info entries succeeded Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] Added new Master_info '' to hash table Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: 2020-10-04 12:51:42 0 [Note] /usr/bin/mariadbd: ready for connections. Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro mariadbd: Version: '10.5.5-MariaDB' socket: '/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock' port: 3306 Arch Linux Oct 04 12:51:42 Manjaro systemd: Started MariaDB 10.5.5 database server. lines 1-25/25 (END)
The final step toward completing MySQL setup, run
mysql_secure_installation to set up the root password and remove the test database for security.
[[email protected] http]$ sudo mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] Y Enabled successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] n ... skipping. By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
That’s it. You can now login to MySQL root user and create or manage databases from MySQL command-line interface.
mysql -u root -p
In another tutorial, I will show you how to create MySQL user, grant privileges, and create databases in MySQL.
The last part of LAMP is PHP. PHP 7 is already available in the Manjaro repository. To install PHP and PHP Apache module in Manjaro, use pacman command –
sudo pacman -S php php-apache
Set up PHP Apache module by updating a few entries in the apache configuration file that exists at
sudo mousepad /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf Or sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
Find and comment out the following line in the configuration –
#LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
Find and uncomment the following line in the configuration –
LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
And at the end of the file, add the following lines –
LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so AddHandler php7-script php Include conf/extra/php7_module.conf
Now save the file and exit. Restart the apache server to make sure all the configurations are loaded properly.
sudo systemctl restart httpd
That’s all. PHP is now installed and configured to be used with the Apache webserver.
To test the PHP installation, create a file at
/srv/http/phptest.php and write the following PHP code –
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Now open this file in the browser by visiting the
With the above set of tools, you should be able to develop and test your web application without any issues. If you want a little more ease in handling databases, we can do that by installing phpMyAdmin. It is a browser-based database management system.
It is straightforward to use and can be installed on Manjaro in no time.
phpMyAdmin is easy to use the graphical interface to create, delete, and update databases.
sudo pacman -S phpmyadmin
phpMyAdmin requires PHP mysqli and PHP bz2 extensions enabled. Edit the php.ini and uncomment the following lines to enable the extensions –
Now save and close the file.
In other Linux distributions, phpMyAdmin by default works on
http://localhost/phpmyadmin but in Manjaro, we will have to manually configure the apache server to serve phpMyAdmin on this address.
Create an apache configuration file for phpMyAdmin.
sudo mousepad /etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
And paste the following configurations in the file –
Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin" <Directory "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"> DirectoryIndex index.php AllowOverride All Options FollowSymlinks Require all granted </Directory>
The Alias refers to the web address where it will serve phpMyAdmin, and the Directory is the location of phpMyAdmin. Please save the file and close it.
Now we’ll need to add the above configuration file in the main Apache configuration to enable it. Open the apache configuration and include the address of the phpMyAdmin configuration.
sudo mousepad /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
Paste the following line at the end of the file.
Once done, restart the apache server –
sudo systemctl restart httpd
That is all! Now visit http://localhost/phpmyadmin and login to the database using the credentials you created above.
To summarize, in this article, we successfully installed LAMP in Manjaro and set up phpMyAdmin to easily manage databases on our system. Alternatively, one can also use DBeaver to manage databases graphically. DBeaver is a free and open-source tool for managing MySQL and other popular database systems such as Microsoft SQL, Oracle, SQL lite, PostgreSQL, and many more.
If you face any trouble with this article, let me know in the comment section below.