In this article, we will not go into greater detail about Node.js and its functionality. In this article, we will learn how to install Node.js on Ubuntu Linux.
How to install Node.js in Ubuntu and Debian?
At the time of writing this article, 16.13.0 is the latest LTS (Long-term Support) version of Node.js, and 17.1.0 is the latest release of Node.js.
For newcomers, 17.1.0 is a good place to start because it contains all of the most recent features released by the developers. It is strongly advised to develop your app in the LTS version for production because it will receive all security and maintenance updates for an extended period of time.
Install Node.js LTS version
curl -fsSL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_lts.x | sudo -E bash -
Install Node.js latest version
curl -fsSL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_xx.x | sudo -E bash -
curl -fsSL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_17.x | sudo -E bash –
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
You can use these instructions on any Ubuntu-based Linux distribution. As you can see, I am using Pop!_OS for this article. If you are installing Node.js on a minimal version of Ubuntu that does not have curl and sudo setup, you can install curl and sudo using the following command –
apt install curl sudo
You can install it manually if you do not want to use the above method for whatever reason.
Installing Node.js manually in Ubuntu
KEYRING=/usr/share/keyrings/nodesource.gpg curl -fsSL https://deb.nodesource.com/gpgkey/nodesource.gpg.key | gpg --dearmor | sudo tee "$KEYRING" >/dev/null
Now open the terminal, customize and pass the following commands one-by-one. Or you can also write a shell script and run it.
Replace the value of VERSION with the Node.js version you want to install. If your distribution lacks the
lsb_release command, you can manually assign the DISTRO value or install
lsb_release using this article.
VERSION=node_8.x KEYRING=/usr/share/keyrings/nodesource DISTRO="$(lsb_release -s -c)" echo "deb [signed-by=$KEYRING] https://deb.nodesource.com/$VERSION $DISTRO main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nodesource.list echo "deb-src [signed-by=$KEYRING] https://deb.nodesource.com/$VERSION $DISTRO main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nodesource.list
Update the system and install Node.js –
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install nodejs